[kamwa]soccer [lumbe]women [pompi]victory [limmu]exciting
[rana]penalty [winzi]kick [zoncu]score [bunku]final
we will illustrate this process by using non-English language data.
No knowledge of the language is required to complete the analysis. All you need is knowledge of distinctive features and an understanding of the thought process involved.Our task is to analyze the two sounds [n] [m] in Egaugnal using data set (3) (assume for this analysis that English and English share the same phonemic inventory)
We begin by attempting to probe contrast by looking for a minimal pair. While both sounds are used word internally, we see from that [m]
is followed by [w],[b],[p]and[m], while [n] is followed by [a],[z],[c]and[k]. Because there is no overlap in terms of the immediately following sounds, we cannot find a minimal pair with respect to [m]and [n],and Egaugnal.This means they must be allophones of the same phoneme.Now we need to write a rule that explains this allophonic variation.To simplify the process somewhat, we 'll assume for the time-being that,of the two surface forms, one is more basic(the one that's used primarily). Because yhe basic form is the one that's used more often, we'll use it to refer to the phoneme. Let's assume for the moment that the phoneme is /n/; our task is to explain how and when /n/ becomes [m]. One option is the following.
/n/ becomes[m] before [w](see the word for "soccer")
/n/ becomes[m] before [b](see the word for "women")
/n/ becomes[m] before [p](see the word for "victory")
/n/ becomes[m] before [m](see the word for "exciting")
/n/ becomes[m] before bilabial consonants
ちなみにbilabial consonantsとはplace of articulation調音点のことで口の中のどこで発音されるかとういうことをあらわしています。[w][b][p][m]はすべてbilabialつまり両唇音であります。